‘Dead Ringers’ True Story, Explained: What Happened To The Real-Life Twins?

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The 1988 film “Dead Ringers,” as well as the latest series adaptation, starring Rachel Weisz, took some of its elements from the curious real-life case of Stewart L. Marcus and Cyril C. Marcus. David Cronenberg, the director of the 1988 film, had explicitly said that his film was a fictionalized tale of what happened in real life, and though the crux of the story remained the same, there were a lot of creative liberties taken to expand the narrative and make it more dramatic and psychologically driven. The same could be said for the Prime Video series “Dead Ringers,” where Elliot and Beverly Mantle blatantly disregard the code of medical ethics and are in a very weird relationship, the nature of which couldn’t be ascertained using the conventional parameters.

Obviously, in reality, there was a lot of uncertainty about what exactly had happened to the Marcus brothers, and there were theories and rumors floating around in society about their dubious personal and professional lives. These gray areas of their lives were used as potential hooks that spun the reel life story in a very different direction and added layers to the characters of Beverly and Elliot. The uncertainties and the myriad possibilities that were left open by the death of the Marcus brothers gave the filmmakers and writers an opportunity to delve deep into the mindset of the siblings and try to decipher what exactly could have happened between them and figure out what kind of unique connection they shared and their motivation behind indulging in all sorts of illegitimate activities when they knew that the outcome wasn’t going to be very fruitful.

Spoilers Ahead


How Much Of ‘Dead Ringers’ Narrative Is True? What Happened To The Real-life Twins?

Cyril and Stewart were barbiturate addicts and two of the best gynecologists in the business. All sorts of people from all over the country came to visit them, and a huge chunk of their clientele belonged to the privileged class of society, which is why they were referred to as the gynecologists of the elites. On July 17, 1975, their bodies were found in their apartment, and the legal authorities had a hard time ascertaining the reason for their deaths. There were many theories and speculations that were made, but none of them could be proved beyond a reasonable doubt. The first theory that was purported by the police officials was that they had died of a barbiturate overdose, but it was quickly refuted when the toxicology report came, and there were no traces of any kind of drug found in their bodies. The whole barbiturate theory was made because a bottle of the drug was found near their bodies, and the police believed that it could be the best possible explanation for their deaths. The second theory that was made was that they hadn’t died of drug overdosing but of barbiturate withdrawal, but again, experts found that theory extremely convenient and flawed.

In the series “Dead Ringers,” we saw that Beverly and Elliot often swapped places if they didn’t feel like attending to their clients for some reason, and it was one of those few instances that actually happened in real life, too, with the Marcus brothers. After the suspicious deaths of the brothers, a lot of revelations were made, and the hospital authorities were found guilty of certain malpractices. The Marcus brothers were staff members of the Cornell University medical school and used to work in the New York Hospital; there were times when the director of the hospital, Dr. David Thompson, was aware of the fact that their positions were being swapped without letting the patient know about it. There were times when one of the brothers would come totally intoxicated, and the hospital authorities deemed it fit to replace him with the sober one.

A lot of psychologists and medical experts who had met the brothers or had studied their case closely went on record and said that the brothers faced a lot of problems during their childhood in developing independent personalities, and at times they felt that they were two bodies with one soul. Because of their uncanny physical resemblance, people had problems ascertaining who was who, and even after their deaths, the local authorities at the mortuary got confused and identified them wrongly. These things had a huge impact on their young mind and it molded their sensibilities. The intersectionality of their identities is something that the makers of Dead Ringers have delved into, and we saw how Elliot and Beverly had problems dissociating themselves from each other at different points in their lives. The theory of the Marcus brothers making a suicide pact was also entertained by a lot of conspiracy theorists, though no substantial proof was ever found that could prove their claims. Taking the lead from that theory, Dead Ringers also shows that the Mantle sisters made a pact, though in this case, both of them didn’t die, and Elliot took over the identity of her baby sister.

The doctors who worked alongside the Marcus brothers said that they were extremely arrogant and never obeyed any rules or regulations, which was similar to how Elliot and Beverly were portrayed in “Dead Ringers,” though additionally, a stark contrast was also shown in their personalities, which might or might not have been present in the Marcus brothers. In both places. i.e., the real and reel lives, the twins had a problem ascertaining their sense of self, though, in the series, that aspect had been dramatized and taken to a whole new level, where it makes the sisters literally lose their minds and do horrifying things. To sum it up, we can say that the essence of the story might be inspired by real-life events, but it is stretched and fictionalized, and many other psychological subplots are added to enhance the narrative and make the characters look more intriguing and complete.


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Sushrut Gopesh
Sushrut Gopesh
I came to Mumbai to bring characters to life. I like to dwell in the cinematic world and ponder over philosophical thoughts. I believe in the kind of cinema that not necessarily makes you laugh or cry but moves something inside you.

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